Hyperlipidemia refers to either high blood cholesterol levels or triglyceride levels.
- Desirable total cholesterol level is <200 mg/dl
- LDL (the “bad cholesterol”) should be <100 mg/dl, with risk factors present
- HDL (the “good cholesterol”) should be >50 mg/dl
- Triglycerides should be <150 mg/dl
Medical Nutrition Therapy plays an important role in lowering both cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Dietary factors to address include the different types of dietary fats, the benefits of soy protein, fiber and vitamin and mineral supplements.